How to Select Spotlights for your Landscape Lighting Project
What are Spotlights?
Spotlights originated in the amphitheater world. They were lights acclimated to advertise the capital actors. To be put in the spotlight is to highlight anyone so the apple can see.
In a agnate way, mural lighting spotlights are acclimated for accent – to alarm absorption to specific architectural or mural features. Unlike floodlights that afford ablaze beyond a advanced area, spotlights accept narrower beams so they can focus on one affair at a time.
Spotlighting your House
The ambition of lighting your abode is not to flood it with ablaze – again it would attending over-lit – just like daytime. Instead, you wish to selectively administer spotlights to actualize beheld accents on the sidings.
Spacing & Positioning
If the balustrade is apparent (no windows) position spotlights so their beams overlap about centermost up the house. For a 60º beam, that would be a agreement of about 15 ft. afar on a 2-story house. If the abode has windows forth a side, position accessories centermost amid anniversary window, and one accoutrement to the adapted and larboard of the exoteric windows. Position anniversary accoutrement about 1 ft, from the bank - further if bushes are in the way. Bend the accoutrement advancement until the hotspot in the centermost is advance out appear the top of the ablaze beam.
If columns are present, ablaze them. One accoutrement 6” from the abject of anniversary cavalcade is ideal. If necessary, use a apparent arise to arise the accoutrement nearer to the column. Use a actual attenuated axle (12º) for actual alpine columns. Use a 24º or 36º axle if the cavalcade is beneath or fatter. If there’s a nice white area beneath the bump amid columns, aim to accept the axle from anniversary cavalcade accommodated the next axle centermost beneath the eaves. Columns attending best if the axle starts at the basal of the column. For this reason, some designers adopt a well-type flush-set accessories (such as the Articulator or Brass Bully).
One of the aims of lighting architectonics is to acknowledge the appearance of the anatomy even beneath an acutely aphotic sky. This is alone able if top locations of the architectonics are aflame forth with lower parts. This can be arduous back lights are best army in gutters or beneath upper-most eaves. An another adjustment is to position narrow-beam spotlights from the arena aimed at the abject of these top eaves. Care should be taken not to flash these lights into additional adventure windows.
Know the Language - Useful Lighting Terms
While lighting architectonics is abundantly intuitive, there are some agreement to call what you see.
This describes the beam’s width. If you anticipate of slices in a pie, anniversary allotment is a allocation that can be abstinent in degrees. The accomplished pie is 360º. Divide that pie into 6 pieces and you get 60º pieces. Anniversary 60º allotment is agnate in appearance to a 60º axle of light. Spotlights (or their bulbs) are accessible in axle angles of 60º and less. Anything greater than 60º is advised a floodlight.
While we about consistently adulation lights, we abhorrence them if they flash anon in our eyes – that’s alleged absolute glare. You would never accumulate your top beams on if active accomplished an advancing car. In the aforementioned way, you position lights in the mural so they don’t flash in the eyes of association or guests. VOLT spotlights advice you do this by application blaze guards.
Integrated LED vs. Lamp-Ready
When selecting a spotlight with an LED source, you can accept “Integrated” - with LED’s already congenital into the light. Or, “Lamp-Ready” – a accoutrement with a atrium accessible to accept an LED bulb. Both are lifetime solutions, but with integrated, you don’t charge to install the lamp, and the accoutrement tends to be added compact. With Lamp-Ready, you may accept a added advantage of wattage and axle angles.
Spotlighting your Trees
There are several affidavit to ablaze copse on your property. They are absorbing appearance of your mural and generally serve to ascertain the admeasurement of your acreage - both angular and vertically. Timberline canopies (often disregarded during the day) if aflame can be evocative of the august ceilings of cathedrals.
Small & Medium Sized Trees
Trees that are adolescent or accessory usually alone crave one spotlight. If the timberline is abbreviate and narrow, again a 24º spotlight is appropriate. If the timberline is abbreviate and advanced (such as a Japanese Maple), again two 60º spotlights may be required. These can be positioned beneath the awning a few anxiety from the trunk. Or, one can be positioned abreast the block with the added amid alfresco the timberline with a advanced abundant axle to brighten the absolute amplitude of the canopy.
Large Attenuated Trees
Tall copse such as Coconut Palms may alone crave one spotlight positioned abreast the abject with a axle advanced abundant to beset the absolute canopy. Two spotlights will accord bigger coverage.
Large Advanced Trees
Tall all-embracing copse such as Live Oaks consistently crave added than one spotlight. Use 60º beams and position one ablaze about 1 ft. from the abject to brighten the trunk. Position added lights out appear the alien bend of the awning (drip line). If the awning is actual close (such as with Blue Spruce), you should position accessories far abundant alfresco the dribble band so you can brighten out to the top awning edges. The amount of accessories you use for such copse depends on your account and whether or not you wish the timberline to be a focal point of your design. Just as with architecture, you wish your lighting to acknowledge the absolute appearance of the timberline – not consistently an simple task, but the appulse can be tremendous.
Spotlighting added Mural Features
These bizarre hexagonal structures are usually lit in two means – from aural and/or from outside. The lighting central can abide of a actual baby spotlight (with 60º beam) added from the centermost of the roof pointing beeline down. From outside, spotlights can be positioned about 1 ft. from alfresco columns – aimed up at the bump to animation ablaze into the structure.
Patios and Decks
Aside from accouter and patio lights, these surfaces can aswell be actual beautifully lit from the limbs of trees. Downlights are positioned to activity through leaves and limbs to actualize a ablaze brindle ablaze affect on accouter an patio surfaces.
Ideally lit from a 45º bend above, bronze can appear animate at night. The acumen downlight is adopted is because lights from beneath a bronze can actualize a “monster” effect. Still, if you have to ablaze from below, agreement with altered positions to aftermath the a lot of adulatory caliginosity on the statue.
Pools, Ponds, & Waterfalls
Again, ablaze from aloft is a lot of natural, but if that’s not possible, again position spotlights from angles that highlight the affection after animated ablaze in the eyes of viewers. Application underwater lights in ponds and waterfalls are aswell an option led lights.